Religion, Conversion and Identity: A Sociological Study of the Uraons of Chotanagpur

Author:
Joseph Marianus Kujur

Published By :

Om Publications
ISBN 13 : 9789389676198

About the book:

Set in the theoretical perspective of religious conversion in general, and that of tribal identity of Christians in particular, this volume brings out the complexities of the triangular relationship among tribal Christians, tribal sarnās, and others. Based on Historical records, some rare archival materials of the church, oral traditions of the urāoñ adivasi community as well as fieldwork data, religion, conversion and identity explores the dialectics between the old and the new. It presents insights derived from the processes of indianization, indigenization and tribalization in the church from the second Vatican Council in the 1960s, and also addresses issues of ethnic and minority studies with a focus on identity formation and articulation. The findings of this study have wider implications and can be used to address concerns over other conversions not only in India, but in the world at large. The book argues that the urāoñ identity has evolved through the ages, and that conversions are only side-effects of multiple factors resulting in the restructuring of identity. The book further argues that in the fragmented relationship between Christians and Sarah there are negotiations for convergence, that despite the urāoñ sarnā converts to Christianity they are very much a Scheduled tribe by virtue of being ‘urāoñs’, and that calling the urāoñ sarnās ‘Hindu’ is self-contradictory.

Read More..

Disaster Management and Sustainable Development

Author :

Published By :

New Century Publications
ISBN : 9788177084771

About the book:

A disaster is an extreme disruption of the functioning of a society that causes widespread human, material, and environmental losses that exceed the ability of the affected society to cope with its own resources.

India’s geo-climatic conditions—as well as its high degree of socio-economic vulnerability—make it one of the most disaster-prone countries in the world. Disasters are sometimes classified according to whether they are natural disasters, or human-made disasters. For example, disasters caused by floods, droughts, tidal waves and earth tremors are generally considered natural disasters. Disasters caused by chemical or industrial accidents, environmental pollution, transport accidents and political unrest are classified as human-made or human-induced disasters since they are the direct result of human actions.

The super cyclone in Orissa in October 1999 and the Bhuj earthquake in Gujarat in January 2001 underscored the need to adopt a multi-dimensional endeavour involving diverse scientific, engineering, financial and social processes. Need was also felt to adopt a multi-disciplinary and multi-sectoral approach and incorporation of risk reduction in the developmental plans and strategies.

Disaster Management Act, 2005 changed the definition of disaster which now includes not only the events emanating from natural and man-made causes, but even those which are caused by accident or negligence.

Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi released the first Disaster Management Plan of India on June 1, 2016 that seeks to provide a framework and directions for government agencies for prevention, mitigation and management of disasters.

This book provides a detailed account of disaster mitigation and management policies and programmes in India, including the social responsibility of corporates.

Read More..

Content-Based Image Classification
Efficient Machine Learning Using Robust Feature Extraction Techniques

Author :

Published By :

ISBN 9780367371609
Published December 17, 2020 by Chapman and Hall/CRC
196 Pages 91 B/W Illustrations

About the book:

Content-Based Image Classification: Efficient Machine Learning Using Robust Feature Extraction Techniques is a comprehensive guide to research with invaluable image data. Social Science Research Network has revealed that 65% of people are visual learners. Research data provided by Hyerle (2000) has clearly shown 90% of information in the human brain is visual. Thus, it is no wonder that visual information processing in the brain is 60,000 times faster than text-based information (3M Corporation, 2001). Recently, we have witnessed a significant surge in conversing with images due to the popularity of social networking platforms. The other reason for embracing usage of image data is the mass availability of high-resolution cellphone cameras. Wide usage of image data in diversified application areas including medical science, media, sports, remote sensing, and so on, has spurred the need for further research in optimizing archival, maintenance, and retrieval of appropriate image content to leverage data-driven decision-making. This book demonstrates several techniques of image processing to represent image data in a desired format for information identification. It discusses the application of machine learning and deep learning for identifying and categorizing appropriate image data helpful in designing automated decision support systems.

Read More..

Emerging Trends in Disruptive Technology Management for Sustainable Development

Authors :

Published By :

ISBN 9780367249649
Published October 16, 2019 by Chapman and Hall/CRC
138 Pages 38 B/W Illustrations

About the book:

Interdisciplinary approaches using Machine Learning and Deep Learning techniques are smartly addressing real life challenges and have emerged as an inseparable element of disruption in current times. Applications of Disruptive Technology in Management practices are an ever interesting domain for researchers and professionals. This volume entitled Emerging Trends in Disruptive Technology Management for Sustainable Development has attempted to collate five different interesting research approaches that have innovatively reflected diverse potential of disruptive trends in the era of 4th. Industrial Revolution. The uniqueness of the volume is going to cater the entrepreneurs and professionals in the domain of artificial intelligence, machine learning, deep learning etc. with its unique propositions in each of the chapters. The volume is surely going to be a significant source of knowledge and inspiration to those aspiring minds endeavouring to shape their futures in the area of applied research in machine learning and computer vision.

Read More..

Feature Dimension Reduction for Content-Based Image Identification

Authors :
Rik Das (Xavier Institute of Social Service, India), 
Sourav De (Cooch Behar Government Engineering College, India) Siddhartha Bhattacharyya (RCC Institute of Information Technology, India)

Published By :

IGI Global

Release Date: June, 2018|Copyright: © 2018 |Pages: 284|DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-5775-3

ISBN13: 9781522557753|ISBN10: 152255775X|EISBN13: 9781522557760

About the book:

Image data has portrayed immense potential as a foundation of information for numerous applications. Recent trends in multimedia computing have witnessed a rapid growth in digital image collections, resulting in a need for increased image data management.

Feature Dimension Reduction for Content-Based Image Identification is a pivotal reference source that explores the contemporary trends and techniques of content-based image recognition. Including research covering topics such as feature extraction, fusion techniques, and image segmentation, this book explores different theories to facilitate timely identification of image data and managing, archiving, maintaining, and extracting information. This book is ideally designed for engineers, IT specialists, researchers, academicians, and graduate-level students seeking interdisciplinary research on image processing and analysis.

Read More..

Beyond Business

Securing Childhood: Challenges, Opportunities and Strategies

Authors :
Alex Ekka
Sanjay K. Verma
Sudeep Kumar
K. K. Bhagat

Published By :

Xavier Institute of Social Service, Ranchi, 2017
ISBN 81-904112-0-9

About the book:

Childhood is a period of growth, development, and transition which requires security, protection, care and support of the family, society and the state. In the last few decades, despite legislation, policy, and programmes, limited progress has taken place in security, protection, care and support to poor, marginalized, destitute and street children. As a consequence, many children are devoid of their basic right to food, education, health, nutrition, and shelter. Many children are working as child labourers in violent, exploitative and abusive environment which deprives the children of their childhood. According to the NSSO (2009-2010), in India, nearly fifty lakhs children are engaged in economic activities, despite the fact that Child labour (Prohibition and Regulation) prohibits employment of children in hazardous industries, hotels, tea shops and as domestic workers. Child marriage is other social concern and a violation of children’s rights which severely impacts physical, social, economic, and emotional development of a girl child and results in premature pregnancy, abuse, exploitation and social exclusion. According to estimation, forty percent of world’s child marriages take place in India. Missing children is another important concern. Although India is a signatory to the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child which recognizes birth registration as one of the first right of a child, we have the highest number of unregistered children in the world. India being a country with a highest number of child population needs a special attention, intervention and strategies to address these issues. It is through investigation of these issues that the book attempts to contribute towards a greater understanding of the discourse on securing childhood –challenges, opportunities and strategies. The papers offer effective strategies and recommendations, which will be of great interest to scholars, activists, development professionals, as well as policy planners and to all those concerned with securing childhood for inclusive development in today’s and tomorrow’s world.

Download Book (PDF)


Beyond Business: Mapping the CSR and Sustainable Development Initiatives of TATA Steel

Published By :

Xavier Institute of Social Service, Ranchi, 2016
ISBN 81-904112-8-4

About the book:

“Beyond Business: Mapping the CSR and Sustainable Development Initiatives of TATA Steel” is perhaps the first empirically researched book in India. Industrial houses motivated by profit maximization may not spend adequate amount on CSR and sustainable development practices in true sense. Tatas, being one of the leading industrialists world over, are known for their philanthropic activities. They, by and large, are guided by the ‘Tata ethos’; the Tata code of conduct; and the praxis of the Articles of Association, which commonly state that a large part of the profits made by the company is utilized for the benefits of the citizens of the land. Using data collected through field work and case study methods from the four different operational zones of the company, namely: Jamshedpur Saraikela-Kharsawan; Noamundi; Ghato (West Bokaro); and Jamadoba (Jharia) in Jharkhand, the authors have attempted to unfold the CSR mystique including the theoretical and philosophical underpinnings as practiced by the Company in terms of its CSR and sustainable development approaches. This book also documents the conflicting views, values, and ontological assumptions on the subject matter as perceived by the cross-section of actors of the study area. The study is designed to serve as an introduction for future scholarly works.

Website: https://www.xiss.ac.in/jjdms/
Price: Rs. 650/- per volume


Ingenious Image Data for Digital Age Customer Contentment

LAP LAMBERT Academic Publishing (2015-12-23)

ISBN-13: 978-3-659-81864-6
ISBN-10: 365981864X
EAN: 9783659818646
Book language: English

Blurb/Shorttext:

The ideas presented in the book have been envisioned to promote revenue generation for modern business process. Professionals and proletarians in recent years have witnessed proliferation of digital images from different image capturing devices and the social media with the advent of cutting edge technology. In this work, the authors have presented novel techniques for product identification by means of content based image data. The aim of the book is to kindle new horizons for smart use of ingenious image data in modern business process.

Website: www.lap-publishing.com
Number of pages: 56
Published on: 2015-12-23
Category: Management
Price: 35.90€


Visionary Leadership in Health: Delivering Superior Value

Published By :

SAGE Publication
ISBN 978-81-321-1320-1

About the book:

This book presents a visionary leadership framework and its application toward delivering superior value in health. It provides a road map on how to create shared vision, assess vision–reality gap, identify paths to pursue, inspire, and empower stakeholders, and utilize results-based management to deliver superior value. By linking leadership and management in health rather than juxtaposing them, the book argues that the task of every health professional requires a mix of leadership and management, although their relative emphasis may vary as per the context and content of the health program. The book will equip health professionals to not only improve personal performance but also enhance the value that their health programs will generate for their beneficiaries.

Website: https://in.sagepub.com/en-in/sas/visionary-leadership-in-health/book242133
Price: Rs. 995/- per volume


Governance of Commons and Livelihood Security

Published By :

Xavier Institute of Social Service, Ranchi
ISBN: 978-81-904110-2-8

About the book:

Commons are neither private property nor open access resources. This is not nationalised property either. Commons are the resources used by recognizable group of people who derive their livelihood (part or full) from these as well as recognize their role as steward or guardian of the same resources.

Governance of commons has become immensely significant because of growing encroachment on commons and subsequent privatization of the same in conspicuous manner. Such attempts not only deprive commoner’s access to commons but also wipe out the flow of ecological, social and bequeath benefits of commons. This book tries to have (a) better conceptualisation of harmonic cohabitation of resource conservation and livelihood generation and (b) evidences of sustainable reconciliation between governance of commons, conservation of resources and livelihood security of commoners.

The book is divided into five sections and each section has a specific emphasis. Emphasis of the first section is ‘governance of commons’. Likewise, the focus of the second section is ‘commons and livelihood’ and third section is ‘effect of climate change on commons’. Sections four and five accentuate respectively on ‘poverty, social exclusion and commons’ and ‘stories of commons’.

To cite this book:

Himadri Sinha & Anant Kumar (Eds.) 2013: Governance of Commons and Livelihood Security.
Xavier Institute of Social Service, Ranchi, India.
Pages: 339. [ISBN: 978-81-904110-2-8]

Download Book (PDF) : 5.61 MB


Land Reforms Administration in India – An Unfinished Task

Authored By:Beni Alphonse Ekka

Published By :

Xavier Institute of Social Service, Ranchi, 2005

About the book:

The focus of rural life in India continues to be land. The major objective of land reforms was to achieve an egalitarian society through the redistribution of (ceiling) surplus land and to increase land productivity. The role of administration, therefore, lay in giving a strong direction to the rural economy on behalf of the landed poor as a measure of enforcement of the Rule of low. This resulted in the real issue being not one of equity, but to minimum entitlements. The Government of Undivided Bihar enacted several land reform laws, prominent among them being the ceiling on land holdings, production of tenants from eviction and fixation of fair rent, etc. However, an overall review of the land reforms programme in India and also in Undivided Bihar suggests that it has not substantially changed the pattern of in equalities in the agrarian structure and resultant social rigidities. The key to understanding this phenomenon lies in the skewed pattern of land ownership. Here, Undivided Bihar has, perhaps, a long way to go to develop a favourable land-man relationship in rural areas. Moreover, land seems to be no more a symbol of social status as it was previously. Studies relating to land reforms and bureaucracy and absentee landlordism have revealed that laxity in implementing legislation have enabled resourceful landowners to successfully maneuver their surplus lands and encourage sub-infeudation. Undivided Bihar had also provided possible explanations for the ineffectiveness of these various provisions. Ways and means to make programmes more effective have been suggested in a few others. Land reform is a state subject and it is difficult to prescribe a uniform set of guidelines. A puritanical view of land reform is an anachronism. There is an urgent need to consider once more the issues involved in land and administration in the overall context of reforms and for a future unfinished task. Panchayati Raj Institutions can also play a better role in the implementation of land reforms. This book will serve the interest of students and scholars of political economy, agrarian economics, agriculture and rural development, besides being useful to activists, non-government organizations, administrators and policy-makers engaged in this highly sensitive and volatile issues and yet of great importance.

Website: https://www.xiss.ac.in/jjdms/
Price: Rs. 300/- per volume


Social Research Methodologies in Action

Volume – I: Conceptual and Theoretical Concerns in Social Research

Published By :

Xavier Institute of Social Service, Ranchi, 2008
ISBN 81-904112-3-3

About the book:

Social Science Research in India seems to be handicapped by lack in ongoing theorization, or even its absence, and growing dissatisfaction with apparent lack of interest among teachers and students as well as practitioners in scientific research. It appears that we have failed in critiquing social sciences research and applying different methodological principles to go deep into the integrated social context. With this perspective in view, these commemorative volumes of collection of research papers are situated against the historical backdrop of social research, of India in particular. The Volumes endeavour a journey into dialects of action and research, for they have resulted from active participation and close co-operation of a number of erudite and devoted scholars and should be helpful to all concerned in thinking more and more deeply on the current situation and honing their present knowledge on the subject.

Website: https://www.xiss.ac.in/jjdms/
Price: Rs. 999/- per volume


Social Empowerment Through Development Interventions

Published By :

Xavier Institute of Social Service, Ranchi, 2005

About the book:

This commemorative volume is a part of scientific and well researched papers commissioned from renowned social work academics and practitioners. The theme was chosen with a view to understanding, in a coherent manner, dynamics of empowerment through development interventions operationalized by action groups committed to the cause of the poor and the disadvantaged. The book offers an interesting perspective into dialectics of action and research. The Gandhian, the Church-inspired, the Marxist and Socialist – how these groups work along with the people, are detailed under the purview of : (i) dynamics of social transformation, (ii) identity and social exclusion, (iii) empowerment of women, children, tribals and dalits, (iv) empowering human values, (v) challenges facing social workers and civil society, etc. It is hoped that this volume would be found useful not only for the factual light it sheds upon the various development interventions, but also for the insights of the persons concerned about the realm of issues related to social empowerment and innovative experiments at the grassroots.

Website: https://www.xiss.ac.in/jjdms/
Price: Rs. 650/- per volume


Dynamics of Tribal Migration in India

Authored By:Ranjit Toppo

Published By :

Xavier Institute of Social Service, Ranchi, 2007
ISBN 81-904112-2-5

About the book:

Dynamics of Tribal Migration in India deals with the problematic related with the migration of tribals with special reference to the Oraons of Central India. Even with the constitutional status of preferential option, a large section of tribals all over India fall under the category below the Poverty Line. Though constituting less than eight percent of total Indian population, tribals are forced to migrate both seasonally and on permanent basis to the most peripheral rural areas and the most disadvantaged sections of urban areas. Since migration of tribals as a phenomenon has emerged over a period of time, it need a historical as well as a contextual analysis. Migration of people is only a symptomatic of underneath reality, which grapples individuals and groups. Social and economic reality of people compels them to migrate to destinations, which provide some hope for betterment on either fronts. Migration of tribals is closely related with the development debate. Poverty induced migration follows dynamics where they move from poverty to pauperization. The study attempts to couch the condition of migrating tribals vis-à-vis the initiative of Planned Development undertaken by the country. Taking various development parameters, the study tries to analyze the conditions of tribals with an effort to throw light as to how each variable needs up-gradation for the benefit of tribals. Land ownership, skill up-gradation, education and creation of better opportunities are some of the key variables, which will bring about social mobility, empowerment and emancipation of people, the study concludes.

Website: https://www.xiss.ac.in/jjdms/
Price: Rs. 300/- per volume