Xavier Institute of Social Service, Ranchi, 2017
About the book:
Childhood is a period of growth, development, and transition which requires security, protection, care and support of the family, society and the state. In the last few decades, despite legislation, policy, and programmes, limited progress has taken place in security, protection, care and support to poor, marginalized, destitute and street children. As a consequence, many children are devoid of their basic right to food, education, health, nutrition, and shelter. Many children are working as child labourers in violent, exploitative and abusive environment which deprives the children of their childhood. According to the NSSO (2009-2010), in India, nearly fifty lakhs children are engaged in economic activities, despite the fact that Child labour (Prohibition and Regulation) prohibits employment of children in hazardous industries, hotels, tea shops and as domestic workers. Child marriage is other social concern and a violation of children’s rights which severely impacts physical, social, economic, and emotional development of a girl child and results in premature pregnancy, abuse, exploitation and social exclusion. According to estimation, forty percent of world’s child marriages take place in India. Missing children is another important concern. Although India is a signatory to the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child which recognizes birth registration as one of the first right of a child, we have the highest number of unregistered children in the world. India being a country with a highest number of child population needs a special attention, intervention and strategies to address these issues. It is through investigation of these issues that the book attempts to contribute towards a greater understanding of the discourse on securing childhood –challenges, opportunities and strategies. The papers offer effective strategies and recommendations, which will be of great interest to scholars, activists, development professionals, as well as policy planners and to all those concerned with securing childhood for inclusive development in today’s and tomorrow’s world.
Xavier Institute of Social Service, Ranchi, 2016
About the book:
“Beyond Business: Mapping the CSR and Sustainable Development Initiatives of TATA Steel” is perhaps the first empirically researched book in India. Industrial houses motivated by profit maximization may not spend adequate amount on CSR and sustainable development practices in true sense. Tatas, being one of the leading industrialists world over, are known for their philanthropic activities. They, by and large, are guided by the ‘Tata ethos’; the Tata code of conduct; and the praxis of the Articles of Association, which commonly state that a large part of the profits made by the company is utilized for the benefits of the citizens of the land. Using data collected through field work and case study methods from the four different operational zones of the company, namely: Jamshedpur Saraikela-Kharsawan; Noamundi; Ghato (West Bokaro); and Jamadoba (Jharia) in Jharkhand, the authors have attempted to unfold the CSR mystique including the theoretical and philosophical underpinnings as practiced by the Company in terms of its CSR and sustainable development approaches. This book also documents the conflicting views, values, and ontological assumptions on the subject matter as perceived by the cross-section of actors of the study area. The study is designed to serve as an introduction for future scholarly works.
The ideas presented in the book have been envisioned to promote revenue generation for modern business process. Professionals and proletarians in recent years have witnessed proliferation of digital images from different image capturing devices and the social media with the advent of cutting edge technology. In this work, the authors have presented novel techniques for product identification by means of content based image data. The aim of the book is to kindle new horizons for smart use of ingenious image data in modern business process.
Website: www.lap-publishing.com Number of pages: 56 Published on: 2015-12-23 Category: Management Price: 35.90€
Visionary Leadership in Health: Delivering Superior Value
This book presents a visionary leadership framework and its application toward delivering superior value in health. It provides a road map on how to create shared vision, assess vision–reality gap, identify paths to pursue, inspire, and empower stakeholders, and utilize results-based management to deliver superior value. By linking leadership and management in health rather than juxtaposing them, the book argues that the task of every health professional requires a mix of leadership and management, although their relative emphasis may vary as per the context and content of the health program. The book will equip health professionals to not only improve personal performance but also enhance the value that their health programs will generate for their beneficiaries.
Xavier Institute of Social Service, Ranchi
About the book:
Commons are neither private property nor open access resources. This is not nationalised property either. Commons are the resources used by recognizable group of people who derive their livelihood (part or full) from these as well as recognize their role as steward or guardian of the same resources.
Governance of commons has become immensely significant because of growing encroachment on commons and subsequent privatization of the same in conspicuous manner. Such attempts not only deprive commoner’s access to commons but also wipe out the flow of ecological, social and bequeath benefits of commons. This book tries to have (a) better conceptualisation of harmonic cohabitation of resource conservation and livelihood generation and (b) evidences of sustainable reconciliation between governance of commons, conservation of resources and livelihood security of commoners.
The book is divided into five sections and each section has a specific emphasis. Emphasis of the first section is ‘governance of commons’. Likewise, the focus of the second section is ‘commons and livelihood’ and third section is ‘effect of climate change on commons’. Sections four and five accentuate respectively on ‘poverty, social exclusion and commons’ and ‘stories of commons’.
To cite this book:
Himadri Sinha & Anant Kumar (Eds.) 2013: Governance of Commons and Livelihood Security.
Xavier Institute of Social Service, Ranchi, India.
Pages: 339. [ISBN: 978-81-904110-2-8]
The focus of rural life in India continues to be land. The major objective of land reforms was to achieve an egalitarian society through the redistribution of (ceiling) surplus land and to increase land productivity. The role of administration, therefore, lay in giving a strong direction to the rural economy on behalf of the landed poor as a measure of enforcement of the Rule of low. This resulted in the real issue being not one of equity, but to minimum entitlements. The Government of Undivided Bihar enacted several land reform laws, prominent among them being the ceiling on land holdings, production of tenants from eviction and fixation of fair rent, etc. However, an overall review of the land reforms programme in India and also in Undivided Bihar suggests that it has not substantially changed the pattern of in equalities in the agrarian structure and resultant social rigidities. The key to understanding this phenomenon lies in the skewed pattern of land ownership. Here, Undivided Bihar has, perhaps, a long way to go to develop a favourable land-man relationship in rural areas. Moreover, land seems to be no more a symbol of social status as it was previously. Studies relating to land reforms and bureaucracy and absentee landlordism have revealed that laxity in implementing legislation have enabled resourceful landowners to successfully maneuver their surplus lands and encourage sub-infeudation. Undivided Bihar had also provided possible explanations for the ineffectiveness of these various provisions. Ways and means to make programmes more effective have been suggested in a few others. Land reform is a state subject and it is difficult to prescribe a uniform set of guidelines. A puritanical view of land reform is an anachronism. There is an urgent need to consider once more the issues involved in land and administration in the overall context of reforms and for a future unfinished task. Panchayati Raj Institutions can also play a better role in the implementation of land reforms. This book will serve the interest of students and scholars of political economy, agrarian economics, agriculture and rural development, besides being useful to activists, non-government organizations, administrators and policy-makers engaged in this highly sensitive and volatile issues and yet of great importance.
Xavier Institute of Social Service, Ranchi, 2008
About the book:
Social Science Research in India seems to be handicapped by lack in ongoing theorization, or even its absence, and growing dissatisfaction with apparent lack of interest among teachers and students as well as practitioners in scientific research. It appears that we have failed in critiquing social sciences research and applying different methodological principles to go deep into the integrated social context. With this perspective in view, these commemorative volumes of collection of research papers are situated against the historical backdrop of social research, of India in particular. The Volumes endeavour a journey into dialects of action and research, for they have resulted from active participation and close co-operation of a number of erudite and devoted scholars and should be helpful to all concerned in thinking more and more deeply on the current situation and honing their present knowledge on the subject.
This commemorative volume is a part of scientific and well researched papers commissioned from renowned social work academics and practitioners. The theme was chosen with a view to understanding, in a coherent manner, dynamics of empowerment through development interventions operationalized by action groups committed to the cause of the poor and the disadvantaged. The book offers an interesting perspective into dialectics of action and research. The Gandhian, the Church-inspired, the Marxist and Socialist – how these groups work along with the people, are detailed under the purview of : (i) dynamics of social transformation, (ii) identity and social exclusion, (iii) empowerment of women, children, tribals and dalits, (iv) empowering human values, (v) challenges facing social workers and civil society, etc. It is hoped that this volume would be found useful not only for the factual light it sheds upon the various development interventions, but also for the insights of the persons concerned about the realm of issues related to social empowerment and innovative experiments at the grassroots.
Xavier Institute of Social Service, Ranchi, 2007
About the book:
Dynamics of Tribal Migration in India deals with the problematic related with the migration of tribals with special reference to the Oraons of Central India. Even with the constitutional status of preferential option, a large section of tribals all over India fall under the category below the Poverty Line. Though constituting less than eight percent of total Indian population, tribals are forced to migrate both seasonally and on permanent basis to the most peripheral rural areas and the most disadvantaged sections of urban areas. Since migration of tribals as a phenomenon has emerged over a period of time, it need a historical as well as a contextual analysis. Migration of people is only a symptomatic of underneath reality, which grapples individuals and groups. Social and economic reality of people compels them to migrate to destinations, which provide some hope for betterment on either fronts. Migration of tribals is closely related with the development debate. Poverty induced migration follows dynamics where they move from poverty to pauperization. The study attempts to couch the condition of migrating tribals vis-à-vis the initiative of Planned Development undertaken by the country. Taking various development parameters, the study tries to analyze the conditions of tribals with an effort to throw light as to how each variable needs up-gradation for the benefit of tribals. Land ownership, skill up-gradation, education and creation of better opportunities are some of the key variables, which will bring about social mobility, empowerment and emancipation of people, the study concludes.