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(Vol. 16, No. 3, July-September, 2018) ISSN 0973 – 8444
Oil Exploration and the Issues of Rural Livelihood - A Study of Lakwa ONGC Oilfield in Sivasagar District of Assam
Nilutpal Chutia1 & Anjan Bhuyan2
1Research Scholar, Department of Business Administration, School of Management Science, Tezpur University, Assam, India. Email: nilutpalchutia@gmail.com, Phone: 9859210605
2Associate Professor, Department of Business Administration, School of Management Science, Tezpur University, Assam, India. Email: anjanbhuyan08@gmail.com
 
Abstract: The oil sector bears a significant role in the economy of Assam in terms of revenue generation in the form of royalty. But, when the performance of the oil sector is judged in terms of contribution to the state’s income, several impacts related to local rural livelihoods and issues of sustainability remain unreflected. Therefore, the present study attempts to make a discussion on some of the impacts of oil exploration of ONGC on the local livelihoods in Sivasagar district. The present study deals with some of the effects associated with land acquisition, threat to indigenous occupation, occupational change and occupational sustainability with the help of field observation and primary data. The study reveals an occupational shift from indigenous to industrial works, as ONGC is providing some casual and contractual employment opportunities to the local people of the study area. It is also reported that industrial pollution has severely troubled paddy cultivation and sericulture in the study area which was a profitable venture for the villagers during the days of their forefathers. Land acquisition for the purpose of oil exploration, temporary job arrangements by the oil industry and industrial pollution affecting cultivation have generated vulnerability to many aspects of sustainable livelihoods of the rural people in the study area.
 
Keywords: Rural livelihood, Sustainability, Indigenous occupation, Casual employment, ONGC.
 
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